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ECHO Notify provides weekly email notifications of changes to enforcement and compliance data in ECHO. Notifications are tailored to the geographic locations, facility IDs, and notification options that you select.
Table of Contents
|CSV||Compliance Schedule Violation||Failure to complete a required activity by the date specified in a permit or enforcement action.|
|EJ80||Environmental Justice Indexes Above 80th Percentile||EJScreen is EPA’s screening tool for identifying areas of Environmental Justice (EJ) concern. There are twelve EJ Indexes and EJ80 is the count of indexes that are above the 80th percentile nationwide (i.e., only 20% or less of U.S. population has a higher index value). The higher the count, the greater the “excess risk”, calculated at the census block group level. Learn more about EJScreen.|
|EFV||Effluent Violation||Failure to abide by pollutant discharge limits established in a permit or enforcement action. Effluent limitations serve as the primary mechanism in NPDES permits for controlling discharges of pollutants to receiving waters.|
|EWN||Early Warning Notification||Public water systems for which, barring no formal or resolving enforcement actions in the current quarter, will be designated as an Enforcement Priority at the end of the quarter. For more information on what defines an Enforcement Priority and formal/resolving enforcement actions see: EPA's Drinking Water Enforcement Response Policy (PDF).|
|FEA||Formal Enforcement Action|
Formal enforcement is taken to address more serious violations. Formal actions include:
|FRV||Federally Reportable Violation|
Violations of federally enforceable CAA requirements that state, local, and tribal agencies are to report to EPA according to EPA’s FRV Policy (PDF). Such violations include:
|FWG||Federal Waste Generator Category Update||A generator is any person who produces a hazardous waste. EPA has established three categories of generators in the regulations: very small quantity generators, small quantity generators, and large quantity generators, all measured per month, with different corresponding stipulations.|
|HBV||Health Based Violation||Violations of maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) or maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs), which specify the highest concentrations of contaminants or disinfectants, respectively, allowed in drinking water; or of treatment technique (TT) rules, which specify required processes intended to reduce the amounts of contaminants in drinking water. MCLs, MRDLs, and treatment technique rules are all health-based drinking water standards.|
|HPV||High Priority Violation||A subset of Federally Reportable Violations (FRV) that are likely to result in impacts that pose a significant risk to human health and the environment from direct or indirect release of air pollutants or may impede the ability to implement the CAA program. An FRV is designated as an HPV if it meets any one of six criteria according to EPA’s HPV policy (PDF).|
|IEA||Informal Enforcement Action||An enforcement action that is generally intended to address small or isolated problems. Informal enforcement often takes the form of a notice of violation or warning letter.|
|MCL||Maximum Contaminant Level||The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.|
|MRDL||Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level||An MRDL is a level of a disinfectant added for water treatment that may not be exceeded at the consumer's tap without an unacceptable possibility of adverse health effects.|
|NAICS||North American Industry Classification System||The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy.|
|NEP||New Enforcement Priority||Public water systems designated as priority candidates for formal enforcement due to unresolved serious, multiple, and/or continuing violations. For more information on what defines an Enforcement Priority and formal/resolving enforcement actions see: EPA's Drinking Water Enforcement Response Policy (PDF).|
|NPEP||Newly Persistant Enforcement Priority||Public water systems that have been designated as priority candidates for formal enforcement for more than two consecutive quarters. For more information on what defines an Enforcement Priority and formal/resolving enforcement actions see: EPA's Drinking Water Enforcement Response Policy (PDF).|
|PSV||Permit Schedule Violation||Failure to complete a required activity by the date specified in a permit.|
|SEV||Single Event Violation||These are all other violations not categorized as effluent, schedule, or Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) non-receipt violations. Included are violations identified during a compliance monitoring activity such as an inspection and self-reported violations such on an annual program report. These violations are generally not automatically flagged by the data system.|
|SMDU||Synthetic Minor Designation Update||Synthetic-minor sources, which are facilities that have the potential to emit regulated pollutants at or above major-source thresholds but that agree to enforceable restrictions to limit their emissions below these thresholds to avoid being subject to more stringent major-source requirements. Such enforceable restrictions, also called limitations, are included in a facility’s air permit.|
A subset of violations (CWA) or violators (RCRA) considered to pose a greater risk to human health and the environment.
For CWA, SNC designations are made in accordance with the relevant policy (PDF). Most SNC designations are based on an automated analysis of Discharge Monitoring Reports (DMRs) that permitted facilities are required to submit monthly. The compliance designation is done using a mathematical formula that takes into account the amount, duration, and frequency of discharges in comparison with permit levels. In some instances, facilities may be manually designated as SNC, even if the data system does not automatically designate them as such.
For RCRA, SNC determinations are also made in accordance with the relevant policy (PDF). A site can be designated as a SNC if any of the following are found to exist: the site has been determined to cause actual exposure or has a substantial likelihood of causing exposure to a hazardous waste or constituent; is a chronic or recalcitrant violator; or deviates substantially from the terms of a permit, order or agreement, or from RCRA statutory or regulatory requirements.
|TT||Treatment Technology||An enforceable procedure or level of technological performance which public water systems must follow to ensure control of a contaminant.|
|Viol||Violation||An environmental violation occurs when an activity or an existing condition does not comply with an environmental law or regulation.|
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