The ECHO website with its facility search features is designed to provide easy access to EPA's compliance and enforcement data with customizable onscreen display and download (learn about facility searching in a video tutorial). For those with larger data needs, ECHO has several types of datasets available. These large datasets may be of particular use to developers, programmers, academics, and analysts. The data available here can be downloaded and used for many different functions and are certain to meet all data retrieval needs.
- ECHO Exporter - one line of data per facility
- ECHO Data Downloads - large sets of national data by data system
- ECHO also offers
Please note that each level of government has been working together for many years to ensure that information in national systems is accurate. However, while increased scrutiny has been given to the quality of data in the national systems in recent years, the data quality before November 2000 has not been assessed and should be considered unknown. For information about ECHO data sources and refresh schedules, please visit the About the Data page.
The ECHO Exporter draws from one of ECHO's most popular reports - providing summary information about each facility in a table format. Because ECHO has a limit on the number of facilities that can be shown in one query, some users were not able to get all the information they needed. The ECHO Exporter solves that problem - providing a download for more than 1.5 million regulated facilities in one zip file. Over 130 data fields are available for each facility, including the frequency of inspections, violations, actions, and penalties.
The file includes facilities regulated as Clean Air Act stationary sources, Clean Water Act direct dischargers, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act hazardous waste handlers, Safe Drinking Water Act public water systems along with other data, such as Toxics Release Inventory releases, industry codes, and permit types. Latitude/longitude information also is included when available, allowing users to integrate facility locations into maps, mobile apps, and websites. The FRS ID joins the data to other ECHO download files. To join Exporter data with other datasets, use the FRS program interest linkages download.
The ECHO Exporter download file is updated weekly as part of the ECHO data refresh. Note: this file is too large to work well in Excel. Microsoft Access, other database products like MySQL or APEX, and most GIS software can handle the data.
The Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO) datasets have been compiled for access to larger sets of national data to ensure that ECHO meets your data retrieval needs. While ECHO provides data detailing compliance assurance and enforcement activities related to federal environmental laws, it has a limited online display of data. The ECHO datasets are available for download to review these expanded datasets. Each dataset is a compressed zip file containing one or more comma-delimited text files. The download summary documents posted after each dataset contain a file listing and definitions of included data elements.
The datasets below are updated weekly as part of the ECHO data refresh. Note: as creation of these files is automated, the ZIP file sizes below are approximate. Some of the files may be too large to work well in Excel. Microsoft Access, other database products like MySQL or APEX, and most GIS software can handle the data.
|FRS Facilities and Linkages (ZIP) (220 MB)
|FRS Download Summary
|Facility identification data from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS), which integrates facility information from various EPA and state data systems.
|ECHO Facility Demographics (ZIP) (445 MB)
|ECHO Facility Demographics Download Summary
|Demographic data describing the population within 1, 3, and 5 mile radii around the location of each facility in ECHO. This dataset is spatially derived from U.S. Census and American Community Survey demographic data. The information is also presented for each facility on the Detailed Facility Report.
|ICIS-Air Dataset (ZIP) (45 M)
|ICIS-Air Download Summary
|Data from EPA's Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS) for Clean Air Act Stationary Sources.
|Air Emissions Dataset (ZIP) (118 M)
|Air Emissions Download Summary
|Combined air emissions data for stationary sources from four EPA air programs: National Emissions Inventory (NEI), Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP), Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), and Clean Air Markets. Emissions are presented as facility-level aggregates and organized by pollutant and EPA program. For general information about these air programs, see Air Pollutant Report Help.
|AFS Dataset (ZIP)(118 M)
|AFS Download Summary (PDF)(20 pp, 220 K, About PDF )
|Frozen data from EPA's retired Air Facility System (AFS) for Clean Air Act stationary sources. ECHO Clean Air Act data from AFS are frozen and reflect data as of October 17, 2014. (For information on the transition to ICIS-Air, see How New National Air Data System Affects ECHO Data Display.)
|ICIS-NPDES National Dataset (Part 1) (ZIP) (161 MB)
|ICIS-NPDES Download Summary
|Data from EPA's Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS) for NPDES. Part 1 of the ICIS-NPDES national dataset. Due to its size, the national dataset is split into two files. Note that data for Master General Permits are provided in a separate file.
|ICIS-NPDES National Dataset (Part 2 - effluent violations) (ZIP) (1.6 GB)
|Part 2 of the ICIS-NPDES national dataset. This file contains the data table for effluent violations.
|Effluent Violation Data by Jurisdiction
|Link to download effluent violation data by a selected jurisdiction (e.g., state, territory, region).
|NPDES Master General Permits (ZIP) (70 K)
|List of all versions of NPDES Master General Permits in ICIS-NPDES. A Master General Permit covers multiple facilities that have similar discharges and are located in a specific geographic area. A Master General Permit applies the same or similar conditions to all dischargers (also known as general permit covered facilities) covered by the permit.
|ICIS-NPDES Discharge Points (ZIP) (28 MB)
|ICIS-NPDES Discharge Points Summary
|Location of facilities and permitted features (e.g., discharge points or outfalls) in ICIS-NPDES, with select facility, permit, and compliance data.
|Permit Limit and DMR Data by Jurisdiction
|Link to download ICIS-NPDES permit limit and Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) data by a selected jurisdiction (e.g., state, territory, region).
|National Permit Limit Dataset (ZIP) (142 MB)
|ICIS-NPDES Permit Limit Summary
|ICIS-NPDES national permit limit dataset for Clean Water Act permitted dischargers.
|DMR Dataset for Years Prior To FY2009 (ZIP) (1.3 GB)
DMR Dataset for FY2009 (ZIP) (233 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2010 (ZIP) (245 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2011 (ZIP) (258 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2012 (ZIP) (275 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2013 (ZIP) (303 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2014 (ZIP) (384 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2015 (ZIP) (414 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2016 (ZIP) (487 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2017 (ZIP) (544 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2018 (ZIP) (556 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2019 (ZIP) (592 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2020 (ZIP) (602 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2021 (ZIP) (572 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2022 (ZIP) (576 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2023 (ZIP) (588 MB)
DMR Dataset for FY2024 (ZIP) (~200 MB)
|ICIS-NPDES DMR Data Summary
ICIS-NPDES national Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) datasets by year for Clean Water Act permitted dischargers.
Note: The datasets for FY2010, FY2009, and years prior to FY2009 are refreshed monthly. All other DMR datasets are refreshed weekly.
|NPDES Monitoring Data Download
|NPDES Monitoring Data Download Help
Effluent Charts Help and Effluent Charts Tutorial
|View and download DMR data for one NPDES permit using either of these tools.
|NPDES Catchment Indexing and Assessed Waters Download (ZIP) (135 MB)
|NPDES Catchment Indexing and Assessed Waters Summary
|Spatially derived linkage between ICIS-NPDES and ATTAINS to associate surface water information (e.g., reach, catchment, waterbody impairment, etc.) to NPDES permittee locations.
|Additional Implementation Measures (AIM) Dataset (1/5/24) (ZIP) (42 KB)
|Multi-Sector General Permit Additional Implementation Measures Data Download Summary
|Link to download the most recent EPA Additional Implementation Measures (AIM) data.
|ICIS-NPDES Biosolids Facility Dataset (ZIP) (1.2 MB)
|ICIS-NPDES Biosolids Facility Data Download Summary
|Facility and compliance information for NPDES permits in the ECHO Biosolids facility universe.
Biosolids data submitted electronically through NetBiosolids is available through the Biosolids Annual Report Search and will be available for download through ECHO via a new dashboard (upcoming feature).
|All CSO downloads (ZIP) (221 KB)
|EPA's National Combined Sewer Overflow Inventory Summary
|The National Combined Sewer Overflow Inventory was first published to ECHO in May 2023 to reflect the most current inventory of combined sewer overflow (CSO) outfall locations across the United States. These data are updated weekly by EPA Regions and states, as described on About the Data. Please also see the Known Data Problems page for known data sharing issues that affect data completeness or accuracy for this national inventory. You can also use the National Combined Sewer Overflow Inventory Service to map these outfalls.
|RCRAInfo Dataset (ZIP)(81 M)
|RCRAInfo Download Summary
|Resource Conservation and Recovery Act compliance and enforcement data from EPA's RCRAInfo for hazardous waste sites. Additional RCRAInfo data are available on EPA's RCRAInfo Web.
|ICIS FE&C Dataset (ZIP) (55 MB)
|ICIS FE&C Download Summary
|EPA data from EPA's Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS) for federal compliance monitoring activity data not already included in the ICIS-Air and ICIS-NPDES downloads available above and federal civil enforcement action data. This includes federal compliance monitoring and enforcement data for programs not typically included in ECHO Facility Searches, such as CAA 112(r), non-NPDES CWA, EPCRA, FIFRA, RCRA Underground Storage Tanks, and TSCA.
|SDWA Dataset (ZIP) (320 MB)
|SDWA Data Download Summary
|National download of Safe Drinking Water Act data compiled from the latest refresh of Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS) in ECHO. This dataset is updated quarterly.
|Water Quality Indicators Data Review
|Link to Water Quality Indicators (WQI) Background page.
|National PFAS Datasets
|Link to a collection of data downloads that can be used to evaluate what is known about per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) reporting, testing, and occurrences in communities.