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Analyze Trends: State Hazardous Waste Dashboard
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The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) established a regulatory structure for the management of solid and hazardous wastes. This law, and its associated regulations, are intended to ensure proper management and disposal of hazardous waste. A significant component of the RCRA program is tracking, including hazardous waste manifests, facility record keeping, and biennial waste reports. State dashboards provide an easy-to-use summary of key activities to answer questions like: which facilities are regulated, how many have been inspected, and how many have violations and enforcement taken.
See critical information about the data and state program assessment. Use the "View More" menus at the top of each section to see additional charts.
Note: On the Performance Dashboard Inspections Chart, states and EPA are assessing whether the appropriate Large Quantity Generators (LQGs) universe timeframe is being used for the 1-year Inspection Coverage - LQGs view. In some cases, states have inspected LQGs that are not included in the universe, thus making the percentage inspected appear lower than it actually is.
State Review Framework
The State Review Framework (SRF) is a tool used by EPA to consistently assess each state and local agencies' enforcement of the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and Hazardous Waste laws; and the SRF tracks recommendations made by EPA for state and local agencies to improve their compliance and enforcement programs.
Hazardous Waste Resources
- Health and Environmental Agencies of U.S. States and Territories
- ECHO Multimedia Facility Search
- ECHO Hazardous Waste Facility Search
- EPA and State Enforcement Action Map (release date TBD)
State performance is a complex and difficult matter to analyze and explain. Data alone cannot provide a complete picture of performance. Many states have issues with data completeness and accuracy, and without investigation and program knowledge, data can be misleading or misinterpreted. Often, there is important context around data that must be taken into account to provide an accurate picture. For example, not all activities and violations may be reported, some states are not authorized to run programs, current year data may still be in the process of being reported, and states may have alternative inspection plans. EPA uses data, like the information here, as a starting point for assessing state performance, but not as the sole measure of performance. More in-depth program reviews (see State Review Framework Reports) are used to identify needed state program improvements. While file reviews and management discussions can add to our understanding, the many layers of context and information make it difficult to portray performance in a consistent and transparent way.
Activities and Violations
Data shown in the State Dashboards are based on data reported to EPA and may not reflect all compliance monitoring/inspections, enforcement or the full extent of noncompliance within a state. State environmental agencies may have more information on activities and noncompliance within their state on their agency websites. Links to state agency websites are provided below each State Dashboard.
Some states/territories do not have authorization/delegation to enforce any or all regulations implemented under the CAA, CWA and RCRA. In these instances, when State is selected as the implementing Agency, it may appear that no activity was conducted. Activity in these states/territories may be displayed when EPA is selected as the implementing Agency. Where this occurs is:
- Air: American Samoa, Guam and Northern Mariana Islands
- Hazardous Waste: Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Iowa, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
- Water: Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Idaho, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Puerto Rico
The most recent federal fiscal year may not show a complete data set because it has not yet been verified or the year is not completed.